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  • Queen Conch - Strombus gigas

Queen Conch - Strombus gigas

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Queen Conch - Strombus gigas Taxonomy:
Queen Conch belongs to the Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Mollusca, Class Gastropoda, Order Sorbeoconcha, Family Strombidae, Genus Strombus and Species gigas. Scientific names:
The scientific name of Queen Conch is Strombus gigas. Other common names:
Queen Conch is also commonly known as Caribbean Queen Conch, Lambi, Pink Conch, Caracol Rosado, Cobo, Caracol reina, Caracol de pala, Caracol Rosa, Botuto and Guarura. Origin or natural range:
Strombus gigas hails from the tropical regions such as North America, especially Florida, including the Caribbean Sea, Mexico, Bahamas and Bermuda. Size:
Queen Conch is the largest Mollusk found in the North America, with its size ranging between six inches and twelve inches or fifteen centimeters and thirty-one centimeters or one foot. Aggression:
Strombus gigas is non-aggressive towards the marine aquarium members. Venom status:
Queen Conch is non-poisonous in nature. Habit & Habitat:

  • In its natural habitat, Strombus gigas is found on sea grass beds, on coral reefs and on sandy bottoms at a depth of around two hundred meters.
  • A small Conch Fish may sometimes take refuge for protection in the mantle of Queen Conch.
  • If disturbed, Strombus gigas withdraws itself completely under sand.
  • Life expectancy:
    Queen Conch lives for around fifteen years. Morphology:
  • The soft body of Strombus gigas has three segments, head, visceral mass and foot.
  • The head of Queen Conch has two pairs of tentacles with the larger pair having photosensitive eyes. The smaller pair of tentacles is touch and smell sensitive.
  • The foot has a small sized operculum which functions and appears like a claw.
  • The body of Queen Conch is protected by a very hard, large and spiral Calcium Carbonate shell with flared lips. The mantle secretes the shell.
  • The iridescent material secreted by the shell, called Nacre, of Strombus gigas is generally cream, yellow, pink and peach in colors.
  • Queen Conch is unisexual and attains sexual maturity when its shell develops flared lips.
  • Breeding:
  • Strombus gigas reproduces sexually during summers.
  • On the sea floor, the female Queen Conch releases around one hundred and eighty thousand eggs to four hundred and sixty thousand eggs per spawning.
  • After fertilization, the eggs hatch into the larval development stage called Velliger Stage. The larvae swim up towards the sea surface and free float for a few weeks.
  • Once the larvae get suitable substrate to settle down, they develop into adult Queen Conches of one foot in around 3.00 years to 3.50 years.
  • Growth enabling environment in your marine aquarium:
    Aquarium habit & habitat:
  • Tank type: To host Strombus gigas, you should have an established Reef Type Marine Aquarium.
  • Aquarium set-up: Keep ample rocks, Live Rocks and a thick layer of sand for Queen Conch to hide in and to search food in your marine aquarium.
  • Temperature of water: Seventy-two to seventy-eight degrees Fahrenheit.
  • Specific gravity of water: 1.023 to 1.025.
  • pH of water: 8.10 to 8.40.
    Feeding & Nutrition:
  • Diet: Queen Conch is Herbivorous and a Scavenger in feeding habit.
  • Food content: Strombus gigas eats phytoplankton, especially Cyanobacteria, Hair Algae, grass and epiphytes. It also scavenges on detritus.
  • Being an algae-eater, Queen Conch keeps your marine aquarium free of algae.
  • Due to its scavenging habit, Strombus gigas eats the detritus thereby, keeping your reef tank free of perishable organic matter.
  • Queen Conch is consumed as food by the human beings.
  • The shell and the pearl of Strombus gigas is used for making ornaments.
  • The lime of charred shell is utilized for making mortar for buildings.
  • The shell of Queen Conch is also used as curio and as Conch Trumpet.
  • Care:
  • Strombus gigas is easy to maintain.
  • Sting Ray eats Queen Conch. Therefore, do not keep rays with the conch in the same marine aquarium.
  • Caution:
    Queen Conch may move small rocks in your reef tank.