Sea Apple - Australian - Pseudocolochirus violaceus - Philippine Sea Apple
Sea Apple - Australian - Pseudocolochirus violaceus Taxonomy:
Sea Apple _ Australian belongs to the Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Echinodermata, Class Holothuroidea, Order Dendrochirotida, Family Cucumariidae, Genus Pseudocolochirus and Species violaceus. Scientific names:
The scientific name of Sea Apple _ Australian is Pseudocolochirus violaceus. Other Common Names:
Sea Apple _ Australian is also commonly called as Violet Sea Cucumber. Origin or natural range:
Sea Apple _ Australian originates from the eastern Indian Ocean and the Western Pacific Ocean including Australia. Size:
Pseudocolochirus violaceus grows to a length of around seven inches or eighteen centimeters. Color:
Sea Apple _ Australian comes in the color variations and the combinations of red, blue, pink and yellow. Compatibility:
Pseudocolochirus violaceus is non-aggressive towards the other marine aquarium invertebrates. Habit & Habitat:
- Sea Apple _ Australian is found on hard surface such as coral reefs, at a depth of around twelve meters or forty feet from the sea level.
- Pseudocolochirus violaceus may secrete poisonous membranes if it is stressed or if it dies. The toxins are called holothurin and holotoxin.
- Pseudocolochirus violaceus is a large sized and one of the most poisonous sea cucumber.
- The body of Sea Apple _ Australian is curved with the Pseudocolochirus violaceusÍ anterior and posterior tips pointed upwards.
- The feet of Sea Apple _ Australian are tubular and are arranged in three longitudinal rows on the ventral side of the cucumberÍs body.
- Small pointed projections called papillae are located dorsally in two rows on the body of Pseudocolochirus violaceus.
- Sea Apple _ Australian has ten purple colored tentacles with white tips.
- The sexes of Pseudocolochirus violaceus are separate that is, there exist male Sea Apple _ Australian and their female counterparts.
- The Female Sea Apple _ Australian has a few millimeters long tube having a gonopore at its top, while the malesÍ tube has some papillae at the tip of the tube.
- The males and the females of Sea Apple _ Australian, release sperms and eggs, respectively, in the water where they get fertilized, forming larva.
- Growth enabling environment in your marine aquarium:
- Temperature of water: Seventy-two to seventy-eight degrees Fahrenheit.
- Specific gravity of water: 1.023 to 1.025.
- pH of water: 8.10 to 8.40.
- Illumination: Sea Apple _ Australian requires light in the marine aquarium it inhabits.
- Feeding & Nutrition:
- Sea Apple _ Australian is a suspension feeder wherein it expands its tentacles that are coated slightly with mucus to stick the prey on to them.
- Pseudocolochirus violaceus is Omnivorous in feeding habit and eats algae, detritus and the meaty bits of seafood, fish, krill and shrimp.
- Pseudocolochirus violaceus is very difficult to maintain owing to its poisonous nature.
- Fluctuations in the pH of water may be detrimental for the health of Sea Apple _ Australian.
- The high levels of Copper and Nitrates in the water may prove lethal for Pseudocolochirus violaceus.
- The health of Sea Apple _ Australian can be adversely affected if the water parameters of your marine aquarium violate the specific standards.
- Pseudocolochirus violaceus is poisonous in nature and therefore, should be handled and maintained by expert aquarists only.
- Sea Apple _ Australian may secrete poisonous membranes if it is stressed in anyway, such as when threatened or when spawning and even after its death. If Sea Apple _ Australian dies then, change the water of your marine aquarium several times. Keep some carbon tied in a net near your aquariumÍs filter to eliminate even the traces of toxins.
- The poison of Sea Apple _ Australian may be lethal for fish in your marine aquarium. Therefore, do not keep fish and the cucumber in the same reef tank.
- Sea Apple _ Australian secretes poison when it is disturbed therefore; do not keep Sea Urchins and Sea Stars in the same tank with Sea Apple as they may disturb it.