Tongue Coral - Polyphillia species - Slipper Coral - Hairy Slipper Coral
Tongue Coral - Polyphillia species Taxonomy:
Tongue Coral belongs to the Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Cnidaria, Class Anthozoa, Family Fungiidae and Genus Polyphillia. Scientific names:
The scientific name of Tongue Coral is Polyphillia species. Other common names:
Tongue Coral is also commonly called as Slipper / Tongue Coral, Slipper Coral, Sea Mole, Mole Coral, Hairy Tongue Coral and Hairy Slipper Coral. Coral Type:
Tongue Coral is a Large Polyp Stony (LPS) Coral. Origin or natural range:
The Polyphillia species originates from the Indo-Pacific region including Indonesia, the Indian Ocean, Pacific Ocean, South China Sea and Andaman Sea. Color:
Tongue Coral occurs in green, purple, orange, tan, brown and cream colors. Compatibility:
The Polyphillia species is aggressive towards the other marine aquarium invertebrates. Habit & Habitat:
- Tongue Coral forms long, narrow and flat or arched colonial structures.
- The Polyphillia species is found on soft sandy or muddy bottoms of the marine water bodies at a depth of three feet to thirteen feet.
- Tongue Coral is quite hardy.
- As the name suggests, the Polyphillia species resembles the shape of a tongue, leaf, T, X or Y.
- Tongue Coral is flat or arched in structure with a central axis.
- The Polyphillia species has calcareous skeleton.
- Tongue Coral has many mouths on its surface, of which the larger mouths are arranged around the central furrow.
- The polyps of the Polyphillia species expand during the day.
- The short tentacles of Tongue Coral are shaped like a horn, are approximately two centimeters long, have forked tips and are brown in color with white tips.
- Growth enabling environment in your marine aquarium:
- Temperature of water: Seventy-two to seventy-eight degrees Fahrenheit.
- Specific gravity of water: 1.023 to 1.025.
- pH of water: 8.10 to 8.40.
- Water flow in the aquarium:
- Tongue Coral needs moderate water flow in the marine aquarium it inhabits.
- Very strong water current may hamper the complete opening up of the Polyphillia species.
- Illumination: Tongue Coral requires moderate lighting in the reef aquarium hosting it.
- Habit & habitat:
- Place the Polyphillia species on sand in your marine aquarium.
- As the base of Tongue Coral is soft, placing the coral on a hard surface may stress the Polyphillia species leading to its demise eventually.
- Tongue Coral moves around in the marine aquarium it inhabits. Therefore, provide ample space for its locomotion without any hindrance.
- Keep the Polyphillia species away from the other marine aquarium invertebrates as it may sting them, if obstructed.
- Feeding & Nutrition:
- Tongue Coral derives its nutrition chiefly through photosynthesis which is being performed by zooxanthellae, a photosynthetic alga living symbiotically within the coral.
- During the day when performing photosynthesis, Tongue Coral expands its polyps to shift its base to a well illuminated region of the marine aquarium.
- The Polyphillia species is Carnivorous in feeding habit and filter feeds once or twice per week, when open.
- Tongue Coral feeds upon acellular marine invertebrates, meaty bits of raw shrimp, Silver Side and Mysis Shrimp, zooplankton and phytoplankton.
- Add Calcium, Strontium and trace elements to the water as dietary supplements for Tongue Coral.
- The Polyphillia species is easy to maintain.
- DonÍt keep Tongue Coral and Polychaetes (Bristleworms) in the same marine aquarium as the worms may bother the coral.
Keep the other marine aquarium invertebrates at an ample distance from Tongue Coral since the coral may sting them upon coming in their contact.